Astragal: a symmetrical moulding used in creating panels and horizontal banking in cornice, wainscoting, and pilaster assemblies.

  • a small convex molding cut into the form of a string of beads. Compare bead and reel.
  • a molding attached to one or both meeting stiles of a pair of double doors in order to prevent drafts.
    • An astragal is a moulding profile composed of a half-round surface surrounded by two flat planes (fillets). An astragal is sometimes referred to as a miniature torus. It can be an architectural element used at the top or base of a column, but is also employed as a framing device on furniture and woodwork.

Moulding or molding:  (USA) a strip of material with various profiles used to cover transitions between surfaces or for decoration. It is traditionally made from solid milled wood or plaster but may be made from plastic or reformed wood.

  • A “sprung” moulding has beveled edges that allow mounting between two non-parallel planes (such as a wall and a ceiling). Other types of moulding are referred to as “plain”.

Cornice molding: a horizontal decorative molding that crowns any building or furniture element: the cornice over a door or window, for instance, or the cornice around the edge of a pedestal. A simple cornice may be formed just with a crown molding.

Wainscot:  to line the walls of (a room, hallway, etc.) with or as if with woodwork: a room wainscoted in oak.

  • wood, especially oak and usually in the form of paneling, for lining interior walls.  
  • the lining itself, especially as covering the lower portion of a wall.
  • a dado, especially of wood, lining an interior wall.  
  • British. oak of superior quality and cut, imported from the Baltic countries for fine woodwork.

Pilaster:  a shallow rectangular feature projecting from a wall, having a capital and base and usually imitating the form of a column.

  • a shallow rectangular column attached to the face of a wall.

Torus: Architecture. a large convex molding, more or less semicircular in profile, commonly forming the lowest molding of the base of a column, directly above the plinth, sometimes occurring as one of a pair separated by a scotia and fillets and column.

  • Not to be confused with the sign of the horoscope: Taurus the bull.

Scotia: a deep concave moulding, esp one used on the base of an Ionic column between the two torus mouldings.

Fillet: Architecture. A flat narrow molding: a raised or sunken ornamental surface set between larger surfaces. Not to be confused with:

  • Food. boneless portion of fish or meat: a boneless portion cut from a fish, a poultry breast, or the rib area of beef, lamb, or pork.
  • Dress. ribbon worn around the head: a ribbon worn across the forehead, as an ornament or to hold back the hair.
  • Printing. corative line on the cover of book: a thin decorative line impressed onto the cover of a book, or the tool used to make it.